Each week, CERIC is on the lookout for the latest reports related to career development. Here are six reports that we found interesting this week:
This study found international students were somewhat more likely to graduate from their post-secondary program than Canadian students within five years of initial registration. However, international post-secondary students were less likely than Canadian students to combine school and work. Furthermore, only about one-third of international students who graduated from a post-secondary program remained and worked in Canada six years after graduation.
The study examines the characteristics of Indigenous people who have completed upgrading or high school equivalency programs. It also evaluates whether completing such a program helps people achieve better outcomes later in life, in terms of both educational achievement and labour market participation.
This paper examines the impact of public sector salary disclosure laws on university faculty salaries in Canada. This study documented three key findings. First, the disclosure laws reduced salaries on average. Second, the laws reduced the gender wage gap between men and women. Third, the gender wage gap narrowed primarily in universities where faculty members are unionized.
Among the findings:
- Between 1998 and 2018, the proportion of employees earning minimum wage grew from 5.2% to 10.4%, with most of that growth occurring between 2017 and 2018
- In the early 2000s, retail trade surpassed accommodation and food services as the largest employment sector for minimum wage workers and has remained the largest since
- The proportion of employees earning minimum wage increased at a faster pace among large firms compared with medium and small firms between 1998 and 2018
According to this study, generally, among STEM graduates who were employed in a STEM occupation in 2006, women were more likely than men to have moved to a non-STEM occupation by 2016. The occupational pathways of male and female STEM graduates also differed.
The number of job vacancies was up in four provinces and two territories, with Quebec accounting for nearly 70% of the national increase. Job vacancies increased in six of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by accommodation and food services; professional, scientific and technical services; and health care and social assistance.
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