It is the responsibility of every Canadian and every organization to work toward reconciliation. To move toward a better, more equitable future, it is imperative for Canadians to understand past and present injustices committed against Indigenous Peoples and what needs to change. Here are a few of the many online resources available to help in this essential journey.
This article was originally published in 2018 and was updated in June 2020.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Final Report (2015) is essential reading. Drawing on six years of testimony from witnesses, it explains the history of Canada’s residential school system and the legacy left behind, and offers calls to action for reconciliation. You can also find the report read out loud on YouTube, through the #ReadtheTRCReport initiative.
This non-profit organization designs and delivers workshops on reconciliation. It has delivered workshops to over 3000. Returning to Spirit’s reconciliation model includes a four-day Foundations workshop with Indigenous participants and an identical workshop with non-Indigenous participants, followed by a workshop that brings the two groups together.
Whose Land is an app that uses GIS technology to assist users in identifying Indigenous Nations, territories and Indigenous communities across Canada. The app can be used for learning about the territory your home or business is situated on, finding information for a land acknowledgement, and learning about the treaties and agreements signed across Canada.
This documentary shares stories of residential school survivors.
Senator Murray Sinclair, who was Chief Commissioner of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, gives an overview of what reconciliation is and why it is important in this short video.
These Community Action Toolkits are intended to provide you with some guidelines and ideas on how to start the reconciliation conversation. Toolkits are offered for individuals, communities and organizations; municipal and First Nation governments; post-secondary students; and high school students.
Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
The National Inquiry looked into and reported on the systemic causes of all forms of violence against Indigenous women and girls, including sexual violence. It examined underlying social, economic, cultural, institutional, and historical causes that contribute to the ongoing violence and particular vulnerabilities of Indigenous women and girls in Canada
A resource page from the Caring Society, which supports educators and schools across Canada in nurturing citizenship, agency and self-confidence by providing opportunities for students to take part in activities that foster reconciliation and culturally based equity for Indigenous children and youth.
Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation Resources (First Nations Education Steering Committee)
The Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation Teacher Resource Guides for grades 5, 10 and 11/12 aim to will help students of all cultural backgrounds gain an understanding of the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people over Canada’s history, with a focus on the BC experience. The materials are also designed to engage young people to take part in the journey of reconciliation.
First Contact takes six Canadians, all with stereotypical opinions about Indigenous People, on a unique 28-day exploration of Indigenous Canada. It is a journey that will turn their lives upside down, challenging their perceptions and confronting their prejudices about a world they never imagined.
At the heart of the Indian Residential School system was the intent to “kill the Indian in the child” (Campbell Scott, 1920) by attacking Anishinabek culture, language and practices and replacing it with Euro-Canadian languages and practices. This document shares information about “The Psychological And Intergenerational Impacts Of The Indian Residential School.”
4 Seasons of Reconciliation is a series of bilingual online courses that promote a renewed relationship between Indigenous Peoples and Canadians, through transformative and engaging learning. This educational initiative assists the workplace, secondary and post-secondary organizations through self-paced online courses featuring award-winning films, slideshows, videos, quizzes and a completion certificate provided by First Nations University of Canada.
This interactive website allows students to track outcomes on the TRC Calls to Action, learn more about the residential school(s) that operated near their communities (explore the interactive map) and discover concrete examples of how Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians can work together. The project is a living resource as new documentaries, residential school survivor stories, ideas and community-based action around reconciliation are added.
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